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目前分類:薪資仲裁 (3)

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2010年薪資仲裁最受矚目的兩屆賽揚獎得主林瑟坎(Tim Lincecum),到底本季能領1300萬還是800萬年薪,答案應該會於美國時間2月12日召開的仲裁庭揭曉。

薪資仲裁對還沒具備自由球員資格的選手而言,是取得大幅加薪的關鍵,不論是否走進仲裁庭,仲裁結果贏或輸,當年薪水都有機會取得好幾倍的漲幅。像去年薪資僅僅65萬的林瑟坎,若仲裁獲勝年薪漲幅達20倍,就算輸也有12倍多,前幾年的辛苦終於得到回報,但仲裁不僅僅是雙方各提出價碼後一翻兩瞪眼這麼簡單而已,其中可是大有學問。

在集體勞資協議(Collective Bargaining Agreement)裡,清楚地規定哪些條件可以攤開來討論,什麼資訊不適用於仲裁,讓球團和代表球員的經紀公司能夠有所依循。雖然這是指勞資雙方為了薪水走上談判桌時所參考,但不論是否走向仲裁庭,是否曾交換數字,只要薪資達成共識都息息相關。

在林林總總的項目裡,最主要的就是上一季球員對球隊貢獻的質量(包括但不限於球員的整體表現、領導素質與公眾吸引力)、球員生涯貢獻的穩定度、出賽時間長短與過去薪水的紀錄,簡單來說,就是從成績來看。

至於成績要怎樣換算成薪水,自然得與同儕比較。集體勞資協議也記載,球員和其他年資相仿的選手相比,換句話說,像過去王建民面臨仲裁時,只能和滿三年或 super two的球員相比,並不能和年資滿四年甚至具備FA的球員相提並論。去年不具備super two資格的郭泓志,雖然年資有3年又114天,但今年首次參與仲裁,還是得和剛好過super two資格,年資只有2年139天的小熊方登諾(Mike Fontenot)擺在同個層級。

除了年資之外,位置是另一大基準,像提出仲裁數字截止前的幾個小時,和洛杉磯道奇達成協議的郭泓志,2010年年薪95萬,間接代表首次具仲裁資格、沒投滿整年的優秀中繼投手值近百萬的價碼,使得原本已交換數字的聖地牙哥教士和亞當斯(年資3年14天,球團提87.5萬、球員提120萬,今年也曾因傷缺席,出賽37場防禦率0.73的Mike Adams),還沒等到仲裁開庭,隨即就達成年薪一百萬的協議。

至於林瑟坎這樣的超級王牌投手來說,由於史上找不到首次仲裁時已拿下賽揚兩冠的例子可以相比擬,他只能和仲裁歷史紀錄來較量。之前首度仲裁的最高價碼,是費城費城人豪沃德(Ryan Howard)在2008年仲裁獲勝所拿到的1000萬,但豪沃德當時只拿過一座MVP,和林瑟坎相比稍微遜色,沒道理巨人王牌先發投手的薪水低於千萬。

所以,雙方的開價就十分重要,儘管林瑟坎可以因為超凡卓越的成績將價碼喊到1500萬甚至更多,但因此輸掉仲裁的機會就大幅提昇,對他來說錢少拿事小,至少明年薪資的基準也會從800萬開始,而球員工會立場是幫選手爭取可能的最高薪,換句話說也希望林瑟坎達成新紀錄,尤其當最頂尖球員薪水往上攀升時,自然容易帶動其他選手的薪資,當然不希望他仲裁失敗。因此經紀公司在詳細計算、推測巨人的價碼後提出1300萬,使得現在兩邊的中間點是1050萬,增加仲裁獲勝的可能。

對巨人來說,不論輸贏荷包都得大失血,但這都不能怪別人,要怪只能怪他們當初太早把林瑟坎升上來,使得他目前2年148天的資歷,剛好超過低標2年139天一點點,當時若晚個兩週,現在至少可以省六百萬,這想必是仲裁最大的學問吧!

本文原載於【2010/2/11 聯合新聞網

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在110位球員申請薪資仲裁後兩天,包括王建民在內共有48位球員和球團交換仲裁金額,底下是名單、2007年薪、選手要求價碼和球隊提供價碼。

AMERICAN LEAGUE
Baltimore
Erik Bedard $3,425,000/8,000,000/6,000,000
Daniel Cabrera 1,950,000/3,300,000/2,600,000
Boston
Kyle Snyder 535,000/1,025,000/725,000
Kevin Youkilis 424,500/3,700,000/2,525,000
Cleveland
Rafael Betancourt 860,000/2,500,000/1,750,000
Casey Blake 3,750,000/6,900,000/5,400,000
Kansas City
Esteban German 423,000/1,200,000/837,500
Zack Greinke 407,000/1,800,000/1,150,000
Mark Teahen 416,000/2,900,000/1,900,000
Los Angeles
Francisco Rodriguez 7,100,000/12,500,000/10,000,000
Minnesota
Michael Cuddyer 3,575,000/6,200,000/4,700,000
Matthew Guerrier 407,500/1,150,000/750,000
New York
Brian Bruney 395,545/845,000/640,000
Robinson Cano 490,800/4,550,000/3,200,000
Chien-Ming Wang 489,500/4,600,000/4,000,000
Oakland
Chad Gaudin 400,000/2,050,000/1,500,000
Toronto
Alex Rios 2,535,000/5,650,000/4,535,000

NATIONAL LEAGUE
Atlanta

Rafael Soriano 1,300,000/3,400,000/2,400,000
Chicago
Michael Wuertz 415,000/975,000/750,000
Cincinnati
Matt Belisle 390,000/1,650,000/1,000,000
Brandon Phillips 407,500/4,200,000/2,700,000
Colorado
Garrett Atkins 400,000/4,650,000/4,125,000
Brian Fuentes 3,525,000/6,500,000/5,050,000
Brad Hawpe 403,000/4,350,000/3,575,000
Houston
Dave Borkowski 600,000/1,100,000/750,000
Geoff Geary 837,500/1,250,000/950,000
Mark Loretta 3,500,000/4,900,000/2,750,000
Jose Valverde 2,000,000/6,200,000/4,700,000
Los Angeles
Joe Beimel 912,500/2,150,000/1,700,000
Scott Proctor 445,923/1,300,000/930,000
Milwaukee
Dave Bush 450,000/3,000,000/2,250,000
J.J. Hardy 400,000/3,050,000/2,400,000
New York
Endy Chavez 1,725,000/2,075,000/1,725,000
Ryan Church 395,000/2,450,000/1,750,000
Pedro Feliciano 602,000/1,200,000/880,000
Oliver Perez 2,425,000/6,500,000/4,725,000
Jorge Sosa 1,250,000/2,750,000/1,700,000
Philadelphia
Eric Bruntlett 550,000/800,000/550,000
Ryan Howard 900,000/10,000,000/7,000,000
Pittsburgh
Freddy Sanchez 2,760,000/4,900,000/4,100,000
St. Louis
Yadier Molina 525,000/2,750,000/1,850,000
Todd Wellemeyer 635,000/1,325,000/875,000
San Diego
Josh Bard 1,050,000/2,500,000/1,850,000
Khalil Greene 2,400,000/4,900,000/4,000,000
San Francisco
Vinnie Chulk 396,000/975,000/725,000
Kevin Correia 400,000/1,300,000/850,000
Washington
Felipe Lopez 3,900,000/5,200,000/4,900,000
Jon Rauch 455,000/1,400,000/1,100,000

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為了以後寫文章參考,將2008年大聯盟重要時程列出如下,以供參考:

MLB Important Dates

January 5-15, 2008
Salary arbitration filing period
January 8, 2008
Hall of Fame BBWAA voting announced
January 18, 2008
Exchange of salary arbitration figures
February 1-20, 2008
Salary arbitration hearings
February 14, 2008
First date injured players, pitchers and catchers may report to Spring Training
February 19, 2008
First date all players may report to Spring Training
February 26, 2008
Mandatory Spring Training reporting date for all players
March 2, 2008
First date to renew contracts of unsigned players
March 11, 2008
Last date to renew contracts
March 12, 2008
Last day to place a player on unconditional release waivers and pay 30 days termination pay instead of 45 days
March 15, 2008
Last date to trade player who has exercised his right to demand a trade before he is declared an unrestricted free agent (if that player has not exercised his right to retract that demand on or before today). Note: The right to demand a trade only applies to players who signed multiyear contracts before Oct. 23, 2006.
March 22-23, 2008
The Red Sox and the A's play doubleheaders against Nippon Professional Baseball Clubs in Japan.
March 25, 2008
Opening Day: Red Sox vs. A's at Tokyo Dome in Tokyo, Japan
March 26, 2008
Last day to request unconditional release waivers on a player without having to pay his full 2008 salary
March 29, 2008
Civil Rights Game: White Sox vs. Mets at AutoZone Park in Memphis, Tenn.
March 30, 2008
Opening Night: Braves vs. Nationals at Nationals Park, Washington, D.C.
March 31, 2008
Opening Day
April 15, 2008
Jackie Robinson Day
May 11, 2008
Mother's Day: Breast Cancer Awareness
May 15, 2008
Earliest date clubs may re-sign players they unconditionally released between Aug. 31, 2007 and March 30, 2008.
June 5-6, 2008
First-Year Player Draft
July 11-15, 2008
All-Star Week, New York
July 15, 2008
All-Star Game at Yankee Stadium (New York)
July 27, 2008
Hall of Fame inductions, Cooperstown, N.Y.
July 31, 2008
Non-waiver trade deadline (4 p.m. ET)
Aug. 31, 2008
• Any player unconditionally released between this date and Opening Day of next season may not be re-signed to a Major League contract by the releasing team until May 15 of the following season.
• Postseason eligibility lists established at midnight ET
Sept. 1, 2008
Active player limit expands from 25 to 40 players
Sept. 3, 2008
Roberto Clemente Day
Sept. 28, 2008
Final day of the 2008 regular season
Nov. 20, 2007
Day to file reserve lists for all Minor League levels and Major Leagues
Dec. 1, 2008
Last date for former club to offer salary arbitration to ranked free agents in order to be eligible for compensation.
Dec. 7, 2008
Last date for player who declared free agency to accept an arbitration offer from former club.
Dec. 8-11, 2008
Winter Meetings, Las Vegas
Dec. 11, 2008
Rule 5 Draft
Dec. 12, 2008
Last date to tender contracts for 2009

Important Transaction Dates
MLR = Major League Rule
CBA = Collective bargaining agreement between MLB and the players union.
December 12, 2007
Last day for teams to offer 2008 contracts to unsigned players, as required by Paragraph 10 (a) of the Uniform Player Contract.
January 5-15, 2008
Salary arbitration filing. CBA, Article VI (F) (5).
January 18, 2008
Exchange of salary arbitration figures between MLB Labor Relations Committee and MLB Players Association.
February 1-20, 2008
Salary arbitration hearings. CBA, Article VI (F) (5).
February 14, 2008
Voluntary reporting date for pitchers, catchers & injured players.
CBA, Article XIV (A).
February 15, 2008
End of waiver period (November 11 – February 15). Waivers secured on or after November 11, 2007, expire at 5 p.m. EST.
February 16, 2008
Beginning of new waiver period (February 16 – April 28). Outright waivers secured on or after February 16 remain in effect for 7 days or until 5 p.m. EST, April 28, 2008 (the 30th day of the season), whichever is earlier. Optional waivers secured on or after February 16 remain in effect until 5 p.m. EST April 28, 2008.
Exception: special waivers. MLR 10 (f).
February 19, 2008
Voluntary reporting date for other players.
February 26, 2008
Mandatory reporting date. CBA, Article XIV (A).
March 2-11, 2008
Clubs may renew contracts of unsigned players. Paragraph 10 (a) of Uniform Player Contract.
March 12, 2008
Last day (by 2 p.m. EST) to place a player on unconditional release waivers and pay only 30 days’ termination pay. CBA, Article IX (B). (For split contracts, the Major League rate of termination pay is owed if Unconditional Release waivers are requested after 2 p.m. EST. However, the requirement for split contract termination pay does not apply for players who may not be assigned to the minor leagues without their consent and for players selected in the preceding Rule 5 draft.)
March 15, 2008
Last day to trade a player who has exercised his right to demand a trade before he is declared an unrestricted free agent. (A player has the right to demand a trade if he signed a multi-year contract before October 23, 2006, then was subsequently traded.)
March 25-26, 2008
Japan Opening Series, Boston vs. Oakland, Tokyo.
March 26, 2008
Last day (by 2 p.m. EST) to request unconditional release waivers on a player without having to pay his full 2007 salary. (Only 45 days’ termination pay is due.) CBA, Article IX (B).
March 30, 2008
Official opening of 2008 season. Opening Night (Atlanta at Washington).
All clubs must reduce their active rosters to 25 players before March 30, 2008.
March 31, 2008
Opening Day.
April 28, 2008
End of waiver period (February 16 – April 28). Waivers secured on or after February 16, 2008, expire at 5 p.m. EST.
April 29, 2008
Beginning of new waiver period (April 29 – July 31). Waivers secured on or after April 29 (the 31st day of the season) remain in effect through 5 p.m. EST July 31. MLR 10 (c)(4). After April 29, outright assignments to the minor leagues may be made only with outright waivers in effect.
May 15, 2008
Earliest date a club may re-sign a player it unconditionally released between midnight Aug. 31, 2007 and March 30, 2008. MLR 8 (i) (2).
May 29, 2008
Start of closed period, First Year Player Draft.
June 5-6, 2008
First Year Player Draft. MLR 4.
June 16, 2008
First day a club may trade a player who was signed after the expiration of the 15-day free agency election period. A Club may assign the contract prior to this date for other player contracts and/or a cash consideration of no more than $50,000 if the player gives his written consent. CBA, Article XX (B) (6).
July 11-15, 2008
All Star week, Yankee Stadium, New York.
July 31, 2008
Deadline (4 p.m. EST) for trading players without waivers in effect. MLR 10 (b)(1).
End of waiver period (April 29 – July 31). Waivers secured on or after April 29, 2008, expire at 5 p.m. EST. Major League Waivers in effect between 4 p.m. and 5 p.m. EST may only be used for optional assignments.
August 1, 2008
Beginning of new waiver period (August 1 – September 28). Trade waivers secured on or after August 1, 2008, remain in effect until 5 p.m. EST, September 28, 2008 (the last day of the 2008 season). Outright waivers secured on or after August 1, 2008, remain in effect until midnight EST, August 31, 2008. MLR 10(c)(4)(iv).
Players may be traded only after Major League waivers have been secured in the current waiver period. MLR 10 (b) (1).
August 15, 2008
Last date (midnight EST) to sign players selected in June Rule 4 Draft, except for college seniors, who may sign at any time.
Last date to bring player up for "full trial" to avoid draft-excluded status.
MLR 6 (e).
August 31, 2008
Post-season eligibility lists are established at midnight. MLR 40. To be eligible, a player must be a bona fide member of a qualifying team on Aug. 31 and must remain a bona fide member until the end of the applicable post-season series.
Any player unconditionally released between midnight August 31, 2008, and Opening Day of the 2009 season may not be re-signed to a Major League contract by the releasing club until May 15, 2009. MLR 8 (i) (2).
September 1, 2008
Active Major League rosters expand from 25 to 40 players.
September 28, 2008
Close of the 2008 regular season.
September 29, 2008
All players on optional assignment must be recalled. MLR 11 (a).
First day players may be traded without waivers in effect.
October, 2008 (TBA)
Times and dates TBA.
Close of 2008 World Series
The day after the end of the World Series marks the beginning of the 15-day period during which eligible players may elect free agency or demand a trade. Former club retains exclusive negotiating rights until 15-day filing period expires. A player who has filed for free agency may engage in general discussions with other clubs but may not discuss contract details or sign with them until the filing period ends. CBA, Article XX (B).
4th day after 2008 World Series
Last date to request waivers on draft-excluded players until 25 days prior to the opening of the 2009 season. MLR 10 (e) (6).
16th day after 2008 World Series
First day Major League free agents may negotiate and sign with a club other than their former club. Article XX (B)(2)(c).
November 10, 2008
End of waiver period (August 1 - November 10). Waivers secured on or after August 1, 2008, expire at 5 p.m. EST. MLR 10 (c)(4).
November 11, 2008
Beginning of new waiver period (November 11, 2008 - February 15, 2008). Waivers secured on or after Nov. 11, 2008, remain in effect until February 15, 2009.
Exception: special waivers.
November 20, 2008
Deadline day for clubs to file reserve lists for Major League club and all Minor League levels.
Last date to make an off-season outright assignment of an injured player to the Minor Leagues if the player does not meet the requirements listed in Article XIX (C) (b) of the CBA.
December 1, 2008
Last date (midnight EST) for former club to offer salary arbitration to ranked XX(B) free agents in order to be eligible for compensation if those free agents sign elsewhere.
December 7, 2008
Last date (midnight EST) for player who declared XX(B) free agency to accept offer of arbitration from his former club.
December 8, 2008
Deadline (5 p.m. EST) to outright a player off the 40-man roster prior to the Rule 5 Draft.
December 8-11, 2008
Winter Meetings, Las Vegas.
December 11, 2008
Rule 5 Draft.
December 12, 2008
Last date (midnight EST) to tender 2009 contracts to unsigned players.

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